Dry Matter Intake Table

Average 1
dry matter
Range of
dry matter
    Proportion of dry matter2

Mature Horses

Intake Intake %Forage %Concentrate
Maintenance 1.6 1.35 – 1.80 100 0
Stallions 1.6 1.35 – 1.80 70 30
Pregnant mares
     9 months 1.6 1.35 – 1.80 80 20
   10 months 1.6 1.35 – 1.80 80 20
   11 months 1.6 1.35 – 1.80 70 30
Lactating Mares
    Foaling to 3 months 2.3 1.80 – 2.70 50 50
    3 months to weaning 2.0 1.80 – 2.25 65 35
Working Horses 3
    Light work 1.8 1.35 – 2.25 65 35
    Moderate work 1.9 1.58 – 2.25 50 50
    Intense work 2.3 1.80 – 2.70 35 65

Growing Horses

Weanling, 4 months 2.7 2.25 – 3.15 30 70
Weanling, 6 months
    Moderate growth 2.5 1.80 – 3.15 30 70
    Rapid growth 2.5 1.80 – 3.15 30 70
Yearling
    Moderate growth 2.3 1.80 – 2.70 40 60
    Rapid growth 2.3 1.80 – 2.70 40 60
Long yearling, 18 months
    Not in training 2.0 1.80 – 2.25 55 45
    In training 2.0 1.80 – 2.25 50 50
Two year old
    Not in training 1.9 1.57 – 2.25 65 35
    In training 1.9 1.57 – 2.25 50 50

 

1. Dry matter intakes are expressed as a percentage of body weight.
2. Forage: Concentrate proportions are guidelines. Actual proportions will vary based on forage quality.
3. Light work = Western and English pleasure, bridle path hack, equitation, etc.
Moderate work = ranch work, roping, cutting, barrel racing, jumping, etc.
Intense work = race training, polo, etc.